William De Vijlder

Group Chief Economist BNP Paribas

Tag : ECB

The right timing of structural reforms

The importance of structural policy is unquestionable. This was clearly explained by Mario Draghi at the ECB Conference in Sintra. However, their impact not only depends on the timing but also on the types of measures, the credibility and the interaction with other policy measures.

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Eurozone: Blinded by the light?

Eurozone economic growth is robust. This dynamism is shared amongst its members. However, important structural differences remain. The favourable cyclical environment calls for an economic policy to boost potential GDP growth and strengthen the resilience.

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ECB: Sintra’s syntax

The market reaction to the introductory speech of Mario Draghi at the ECB conference in Sintra was strong
This reflects a high degree of unease about the prospect of a policy normalisation.

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Endogenous risks loom on the economic horizon

Replace ‘blue sky’ with ‘robust growth’ and ‘umbrellas’ with ‘economic policy instruments’ and you have a description of the global economic environment: robust growth but, if a downturn would come, very little manoeuvring room for fiscal and monetary policies to stimulate growth. All the more reason to keep a watchful eye on the horizon, and to prepare for clouds to appear.

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New monetary season

For the financial markets, summer’s end is often the occasion for deep-felt upheavals. This summer, investors left on vacation filled with trepidation about the economic impact of Brexit, about robust job creations in the US and how they might change monetary policy prospects, and about the outcome of European banks’ stress tests.

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Higher oil prices: good news or bad?

On 20 January, Brent crude oil was trading at USD27.88 a barrel (EUR25.52), the lowest price this year. Prices recently rebounded to USD50 (EUR44.70). Without trying to forecast future oil pricing trends – which, as shown by the experience of 2015, are even more difficult to predict than other economic variables – it is worthwhile to consider the consequences of higher prices

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Meetings at the summit

In the Eurozone, China and the UK, purchasing manager indexes for the manufacturing sector declined in February. In the United States, in contrast, the manufacturing ISM rose but still held below 50, the level separating industrial expansion from contraction.

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Dichotomies dominate the global economy

In recent months, the financial press has provided extensive coverage of the Chinese growth slowdown, the hesitations of the Federal Reserve to hike or not and the decisiveness of the ECB to ease more if need. They are a reminder of the dichotomies which characterise the world economy. To visualise this, the following chart uses […]

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The Greek marathon

The approval by the Greek parliament of the agreement reached with the Eurozone leaders brings far reaching changes in terms of policy objectives and governance. Negotiations can now start with the creditors on a new programme in order to provide long term financing.

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